Gone to Guam blog were taken on Saipan. Yup, that's Obyan Beach. And yup, that's a dead Napoleon wrasse. The blog was posted on June 12, 2011.
The Humphead (Napoleon) wrasse, Cheilinus undulatus, was listed on Appendix II of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species – for more information see: http://www.cites.org/) in October of 2004. It was listed because it is considered to be actually or potentially threatened by current exploitation levels or disturbances if these persist.
The species is assessed as Endangered by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The total global catch of this species is estimated to be no more than 400 mt annually (Sadovy et al. 2003), yet despite this low volume, severe declines are noted in all places for which data are available and where management is not effective. The global populations of this species have declined 50% in the last 30 years. The threat to this species is so great that it is one of the only reef fish protected by name over a range of countries, including Palau, but not the Northern Mariana Islands or Guam.
I dove often and frequently on Saipan between 2006-2010. I saw exactly one Napoleon wrasse. On a recent trip to Palau, I saw about 15 at Blue Corner and 2 at Helmut Wreck.
The species is not protected in the Northern Mariana Islands and Guam, but it should be. And, yes, I care more about the natural heritage of the Chamorro people than the ego of a single fisherman.